一分快三十期倍投计划

来源:企业雅虎  作者:   发表时间:2020-10-25 11:25:24

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaTophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaU.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaSpecial:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaSpecial:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaSpecial:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaGlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaU.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaSpecial:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.

  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-XinhuaIran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  TophumanrightsbodyinGenevaholdsurgentdebateonpolicebrutalityAbrotherofGeorgeFloydmadeaheartfeltpleaonWednesdaytotheUnitedNations'tophumanrightsbody,urgingittolaunchintenseinternationalscrutinyofsystemicracism,thekillingofblackpeoplebypoliceandviolenceagainstpeacefulprotestersintheUnitedStates.PhiloneseFloyd,inavideomessagetotheUNHumanRightsCouncil,backedacallbydozensofAfricancountrieshopingtocreateaCommissionofInquiry-thecouncil'smostpowerfultoolofscrutiny-toreportonracismandviolenceagainstprotestersbypoliceintheUS.TheunprecedentedefforttotrainapotentiallyuncomfortablespotlightontheUS,whichcallsitselftheworld's"leadingadvocate"forhumanrights,cameasithasnovoiceintheroom:TheadministrationofUSPresidentDonaldTrumppulledoutofthe47-memberbodytwoyearsago.PhiloneseFloydjoinedtheUNhumanrightschief,thecouncil'sindependentrapporteuronracism,andmanydiplomatsatan"urgentdebate"championedbytheAfricaGroupinthewakeofhisbrother'sdeath.GeorgeFloyd,a46-year-oldAfricanAmerican,diedafterawhiteMinneapolispoliceofficerpressedakneeintohisneckforseveralminutesashepleadedforairandeventuallystoppedmoving"Iammybrother'skeeper.YouintheUnitedNationsareyourbrothersandsisters'keepersinAmerica-andyouhavethepowertohelpusgetjusticeformybrotherGeorgeFloyd,"PhiloneseFloydsaid."Iamaskingyoutohelphim.Iamaskingyoutohelpme.Iamaskingyoutohelpus-blackpeopleinAmerica."AminaMohammed,UNdeputysecretary-general,saidviavideoteleconferencethatthedebateisa"historic"event,giventhatAfro-descendantsstillfacedpovertyandstructuralracism."Itoo,likeMartinLutherKingJr,haveadreamthatmygranddaughterMayawillgrowupinaworldwhereshewillnotbejudgedbythecolorofherskinbutbythestrengthofhercharacter,"shesaid.SymbolofexcessiveforceUNHighCommissionerforHumanRightsMichelleBacheletsaidGeorgeFloyd'skillinghasbecomeemblematicoftheexcessiveuseofdisproportionateforcebylawenforcementagainstpeopleofAfricandescent,againstpeopleofcolor,againstindigenouspeopleandracialandethnicminoritiesincountriesacrosstheglobe."SincethekillingofGeorgeFloydatthehandsofpoliceinMinneapolislastmonth,awaveofmassiveprotestshassurgedforward,notonlyacrosseverystateintheUnitedStatesbutalsoindozensofcountriesinEuropeandallaroundtheworld,"Bacheletsaidduringthedebate.ThecouncilhasregularlyaddressedpolicebrutalityandracialprofilingintheUS,andtheyweremajorthemesduringitslastturnfiveyearsagoforaregularreviewofitshumanrightsrecordthatallcountriesgothroughatthecouncil.ButneverbeforehastheUS'recordinthoseareasledtoan"urgentdebate"onitsrecordinthoseareas-andsomerivalspounced.Russia'senvoysaidtheUShadignoredracismfordecades,andcalledita"calamitousstateofhumanrights"intheUS.China'srepresentativesaidhiscountrywas"saddenedandshocked"byFloyd'sdeath,sayingitwasn'tanisolatedcaseandonethatexposed"chronicanddeep-rootedracialdiscrimination"intheUS.TheUSambassadorinGeneva,AndrewBremberg-inastatementaheadofthedebate-acknowledged"shortcomings"intheUSincludingracialdiscriminationandinsistedthegovernmentwas"transparent"aboutdealingwithit.TheUShasnotparticipatedinanyofthethrice-yearlycouncilsessionssincetheTrumpadministrationpulledoutinJune2018,citinganallegedanti-Israelbiasandacceptanceofrights-abusingautocraticstatesasmembers.Agencies-Xinhua

  Technologycompaniesdominatedthisyear'sFortune500listreleasedonMonday,withApple,Amazon,Alphabet,Microsoft,andIBM,amongothers,allinthetop50.Appledroppedfromlastyear'sNo.3tothefourthplacedespitea6percentgaininannualsales,butitledthewayinprofitswithmorethan48billionU.S.dollarsinnetincome,accordingtothelist.Amazoncrackedthetop10forthefirsttime,continuingitsremarkablegrowthrun:Saleshavejumpedsome70billiondollarsintwoyears.Amazon'senormitystemsfromitsroleasthelargestU.S.digitalretailer,thefastest-growingpartofthemarket.Sharesofthecompanyrose0.35percenttotradeat1,579.91dollarsapieceinearlytradingonMonday.Apple,Alphabet,Microsoft,andAmazonwerethetopfourinmarketvalueasofMarch29thisyear,accordingtothelist.TheyarefollowedbyBerkshireHathaway,Facebook,andJPMorganChase.Fortunerankstheworld'stopcompaniesbyrevenueeachyearand2018marksthe64thrunningofthelist.Thisyear'sFortune500companiesrepresenttwo-thirdsoftheU.S.GDPwith12.8trilliondollarsinrevenues,1.0trilliondollarsinprofits,21.6trilliondollarsinmarketvalue,andemploy28.2millionpeopleworldwide.Walmart,ExxonMobil,BerkshireHathaway,Apple,UnitedHealthGroup,McKesson,CVSHealth,Amazon,ATT,andGeneralMotorsmadethetop10thisyear.Amongthem,ExxonMobilandGeneralMotorshavebeenonthelisteveryyearsinceitstartedin1955.  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

  Special:ProgresstowardshorteningtheperiodofsufferinginducedbythecoronaviruscouldbemadeifChinaandtheUnitedStatesweretocollaborateinrampinguppandemiccontroleffortsandcreatingmorefavorableconditionsforthereopeningofeconomies,aformerseniorU.S.diplomatsaid.WashingtonandBeijingshouldstartwithexpeditingvisasforhealthexperts,removingtariffbarriersonlifesavingmedicalequipmentaswellasrefrainingfromexportbansontheequipment,saidRyanHass,whowasdirectorfortheChinesemainland,TaiwanandMongoliaaffairsattheNationalSecurityCouncilbetween2013and2017."IfitwaspossibletosetasidepoliticsandlookattheCOVID-19problemthroughanarrowinterest-basedlens,therewouldbeaclearrationaleforbothcountriestocollaboratetosavelives,stopthespreadofthevirus,andhastenaglobaleconomicrecovery,"Hass,aforeignpolicyfellowattheBrookingsInstitution,saidinareportpublishedonTuesday.Thereason,Hasssaid,derivesfromtherealitythatneithercountrywillbeabletostampoutthevirusineverycorneroftheworldonitsown."TherearenomultilateralinstitutionswiththecapacityandthecredibilitytodosowithoutthestrongbackingoftheUnitedStatesandChina,"hewroteinanarticletitledThefastestroutetoendingthiscrisisinvolvesChina,whichispartofaBrookingsreport,"ReopeningtheWorld:HowtoSaveLivesandLivelihoods".AsofWednesday,theworldhadrecordedmorethan8.06millioncasesofCOVID-19,with440,290deaths,accordingtotheWorldHealthOrganization.TheU.S.hassurgedpast2millionconfirmedcoronaviruscases,themostinfectionsintheworld,withadeathtollnearing116,000,alsothehighest.RiskremainsInChina,aftera57-dayperiodwithnonewdomesticallytransmittedcases,itscapitalBeijinghasbeenreportingadailydouble-digitgrowthindomesticallytransmittedCOVID-19casessinceJune11.OnTuesday,thecityupgradeditsemergencyresponsetothecoronavirusfromthethird-tothesecond-highestlevelofitsfour-tiersystem.Hassnotedthatunlessthevirusiseradicatedeverywhere,peopleinChinaandtheU.S.willremainatriskandbotheconomieswillsuffer.Inhisarticle,Hasssaidthecrisishadoccurredamidaperiodofdeterioratingrelationsbetweentheworld'stoptwoeconomies,andCOVID-19hasservedtointensifytheirfrictions.Leadersofbothcountriescouldconveneavirtualsummittoaffirmthatthetwocountriessupportcoordinationatsubnationallevelandplantorenderfullsupportfordevelopingandacceleratingclinicaltestingforanyvaccine,hesuggested.Therearesignsthatthetwocountriesareseekingtoeasetheirstrainedtensions.OnWednesday,U.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeometinHawaiiwithaveteranChinesediplomat,YangJiechi,whoisamemberofthePoliticalBureauoftheCommunistPartyofChinaCentralCommittee,thefirsthigh-levelmeetingbetweenofficialsofthetwopowerssincethecoronaviruspandemic.GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  

  Iran'sForeignMinistryonMondayrejectedtheU.S.SecretaryofStateMikePompeo'sthreateningremarksas"absurdandinterventionist."Inastatement,theForeignMinistrySpokesmanBahramQasemisaidthattheUnitedStatesseekstodistracttheglobalattentionfromits"illegalmoves"concerningIran'snucleardealbythreateningandinsultingtheIraniannation.DespitetheUnitedStates,Iranhasbeenboundtoitsinternationalobligations,thestatementsaid.TheexistingproblemsinIraq,Syria,Yemen,PalestineandAfghanistanaretheresultsoftheU.S.policiesintheregion,therefore,"theAmericansarenotentitledtoinfluenceIran'spoliciesinitsownregion.""Overthepastfourdecades,theIslamicrepublichasresistedtheU.S.anditsallies'plotsandhasturnedoutvictorious,"hesaid,addingthatlikewise,theIslamicrepublicwillaborttheU.S.hostilepoliciesinthefutureaswell.IranpreservestherighttolegallysuetheUnitedStatesoveritsillegalmeasuresandthreats,hestressed.PompeosaidonMondayherethatIranwillsufferthetoughestsanctionsinhistoryfromtheUnitedStatesifitdoesnotchangethecurrentcourse.PompeourgedTehrantoreporttotheInternationalAtomicEnergyAgencyaboutitsnuclearprogram,endproliferationofitsmissiles,andstopsupporting"terroristgroups"intheMiddleEast.  GlobaleffortaimstofinddiseasevectorsthatcanjumpfromanimalstohumansChinawillhelpleadaprojecttoidentifyunknownvirusesfromwildlifetobetterpreparehumansformajorepidemics-ifnotglobalpandemics.Theprojectistobelaunchedthisyear,accordingtooneofthecountry'stophealthofficials.TheGlobalViromeProjectwillstartinChinaandThailandwithfieldworktocollectsamplesfromwildanimalsandanalyzethevirusesdetected,saidGaoFu,headoftheChineseCenterforDiseaseControlandPrevention."Scientistswillcollectvirussamplesfromanimalssuchasbatsandratsforstudyusingtechniqueslikenextgeneration(DNA)sequencingtofindwhethernewvirusesexist,"hesaid.Theproject,estimatedtocostupto.2billion,isexpectedtotake10yearsandinvolvesmanycountriesincludingtheUnitedStates,BrazilandNigeria.Throughmoreintensiveandextensivestudyofvirusesfromanimalsthatcouldinfecthumans,itmaybepossibletodealwithvirusesusingpreemptivecontrolsandpreventioninsteadofpassive,reactivemeasures,Gaosaid."Weallknowtherearealmostcertainlynewvirusesthatcouldcausethenextglobalpandemic,butbasedontheexistingearlywarningcapacityfordiseases,wedonotknow,forexample,whichviruswillcauseanepidemic,"Gaosaid."Wearesurethatnewvirusstrainswillappearinthefuturealongwithchangesinourecology,environmentandhumanbehaviors."Forinstance,humans'abuseofantibioticshasleadtothepotentialdevelopmentofsuperbugs."Therearemanyviruseslivinginwildanimals,sowecanidentifyvirusesandthoroughlystudythosethatcouldpasstohumans,"Gaosaid."Ideallywecandevelopvaccinesandadiagnosisforsuchvirusesevenbeforetheycausehumanepidemics."Itisknownthat263virusescaninfecthumans,butscientistsestimatetheremaybemorethanhalfamillionvirusesthatliveinbirdsandmammalsandthatareunknowntohumansthatmaybecapableofinfectinghumans,andtheyaretheprimarysubjectoftheproject'sresearch,Gaosaid.Evenifalargenumberofsuchunknownvirusesareidentified,itispossiblethatjustasmallfractionofthemhavetheabilitytocausemajorepidemicsthatcausehumandeaths,hesaid.However,consideringthehugecostofamajorepidemiclikeSARStohumanhealthandeconomies,thefindingsoftheprojectstillhavethepotentialtogreatlyreducelossesthroughimprovedearlydiagnosisandidentificationofhostsvulnerabletoanewvirusafteranoutbreak,accordingtoGao.AsimilarprojectcarriedoutbytheUSAgencyforInternationalDevelopmentprovedthefeasibilityoftheGlobalViromeProjectandprovideshelpfulexperience,hesaid.TheUSAIDproject,knownasPredictandlaunchedin2009,withChinaaparticipant,ledtofindingsofmorethan1,000virusespreviouslyunknowntohumans.Theprojectcostwasover0million,hesaid.SomeofthetechnologiesusedforthatprojecthaveprovedreliableandeconomicallyaffordableandcanbeusedfortheGlobalViromeProject,Gaosaid.  U.S.CommerceSecretaryWilburRossisgoingtovisitChinanextweek,saidU.S.TreasurySecretaryStevenMnuchinonMondayattheWhiteHouse."SecretaryRosshastogooverandturnthatintoasignedpieceofpaperwithcompanies,"Mnuchinsaid,addingthatthisisnotagovernment-to-governmentpurchaseorder,"butwehaveanagreementwiththemastowhatwillbeexecuted."ChinesePresidentXiJinping'sspecialenvoyandVicePremierLiuHejustfinishedhistriptoWashington,DC.HewasthereforChina-U.S.tradetalks,whichhedescribedas"constructive,positiveandfruitful."  

编辑:SEO匿名者

未经授权许可,不得转载或镜像
© Copyright © 1997-2017 by qianfengcao.com all rights reserved

百站百胜: 企业雅虎 宜宾新闻网 中国西藏 网易新闻 北京热线010 IT168 硅谷网 糗事百科 飞华健康网 凤凰社 第一新闻网 西安网 有问必答网 江苏快讯 搜搜百科 中华网 宜宾新闻网 放心医苑 甘肃新闻网 天翼网 搜狐 凤凰社 赤峰广播电视网 中国网江苏 网易新闻 京华网 放心医苑 大河网 百度健康 深圳热线 赤峰广播电视网 搜狐健康 百度健康 凤凰网 黄河 新闻网 甘肃新闻网 快通网 中国涪陵网 第一新闻网 中国企业新闻网 东北新闻网 企业家在线 第一新闻网 IT168 中国质量新闻网 北京热线010 企业雅虎 百度知道 今晚报 凤凰网 新快报 网易新闻 豫青网 现代生活 中国崇阳网 九江传媒网 药都在线 21财经 新华网 北青网焦点新闻 凤凰网 京华网 华股财经 新中网 中国崇阳网 搜狐健康 新华社 企业雅虎 中国涪陵网 宜宾新闻网 北京热线010 秦皇岛 网易 互动百科 中国企业新闻网 大河网 tom网 中国吉安网 有问必答 第一新闻网 长江网 中国吉安网 中新网江苏 东南网 中国网江苏 西江网 千华 网 企业家在线 大公网 慧聪网 河南金融网 宣城新闻网 中国日报网河南 日报社 中原网 中国企业信息网 大河网 中国企业信息网 新闻在线 九江传媒网 中国崇阳网 百度知道 39健康网 国 华新闻网 百度地图 搜狐健康 挂号网 东北新闻网 中原网 蜀南在线 凤凰社 硅谷网 深圳热线 21财经 搜搜百科 维基百科 中国新闻采编网 大河网 有问必答网 中华网 红网 搜狐 北青网焦点新闻 中国新闻采编网 中国涪陵网 百度健康 中国吉安网 放心医苑 新疆日报 新闻在线 中国广播网 好大夫在线 宣城新闻网 中国经济网 IT168 百度健康 新华社 中国企业信息网 赤峰广播电视网 新中网 日报社 网易健康 爱丽婚嫁网 宜宾新闻网 搜搜百科 南充人网 现代生活 企业家在线 华股财经 九江传媒网 人民经济网 黄河 新闻网 今视网 九江传媒网 中国涪陵网 中青网 中新网 九江传媒网 21财经 39健康网 千华 网 岳塘新闻网 商界网 大公网 中国发展网 中国崇阳网 中国经济网陕西 甘肃新闻网 搜狐健康 新疆日报 京华网 新华社 风讯网 甘肃新闻网 红网 西安网 南充人网 东北新闻网 中新网江苏 凤凰社 东南网 华夏生活 新快报 中国经济网陕西 东北新闻网 中原网 中国发展网 中国广播网 中华网 赤峰广播电视网 IT168 网易新闻 鲁中网 中国前沿资讯网